Gaziantep, previously and still informally called Antep, is a city in southeast Turkey and among the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

The history of Gaziantep goes back to the Hittites. Gaziantep was ruled by HittitesAkkadians, Mitannis, NeoHittitesAssyriansUrartiansBabyloniansPersiansMacedoniansParthians,CommageneRomansByzantinesArmeniansSassanids, and Arabs.

The Gaziantep Museum of Archaeology has collections of ceramic pieces from the Neolithic Age; various objects, figures and seals from the Chalcolithic and Bronze Ages; stone and bronze objects, jewellery, ceramics, coins, glass objects, mosaics and statues from the HittiteUrartuPersianRomanCommagene, and Byzantine periods.

The Zeugma Mosaic Museum houses mosaics from Zeugma and other mosaics, a total of 1700m2. It opened to the public on 9 September 2011.