The region of Kütahya has large areas of gentle slopes with agricultural land culminating in high mountain ridges to the north and west. The city’s Greek name was Kotyaion, Latinized in Roman times as Cotyaeum.

The industries of Kütahya have long traditions, going back to ancient times. Kütahya is famous for its kiln products, such as tiles and pottery, which are glazed and multicoloured.[13] Modern industries are sugar refining, tanningnitrate processing and different products of meerschaum, which is extracted nearby. The local agricultural industry produces cerealsfruits and sugar beet. In addition stock raising is of much importance. Not far from Kütahya there are important mines extracting lignite.